Learn about the Hiring Process

Each employer has his or her hiring process. But here are four common steps. It is important for every job seeker to do well at each step.  

1. The employer looks for the right people for their job opening.
  • Many start by looking at their own employees. They may ask for referrals from employees and others they know. This is called networking.
  • Employers may consider people that they have met or know in the industry.
  • Employers may advertise the job. They may advertise on websites or online job boards.
  • Employers may work with a recruiter or agency or attend job fairs.
  • Employers also ask applicants to send résumés and cover letters to the company.
2. The employer screens the applications.
Often there are many people who apply for one job. The employer reviews all applicants with the desired skill set. Then, the employer may call a candidate to ask them questions, or they have people come in for an interview
3. The employer sets up interviews with people who seem to fit their needs.
At the interview, the employer asks people about their skills and background. They are also looking to see if people will fit the company culture. They look for things like a "can do" attitude. They look for people who can get along with others. They also want people who like to learn and work hard. This also gives the job seeker an opportunity to interview the employer. The job seeker wants to make sure that this job is a good fit.  
4. The employer makes an offer to a selected applicant.
The employer chooses the person he or she wants to hire and offers them the job. If he or she accepts the position then it is time to discuss the salary and benefits. This is called negotiation. This agreement has to benefit both parties. Sometimes the salary and benefits are not negotiable, but other things like the probation period and the work schedule are negotiable. A job seeker can walk away from an offer if it is not good for him or her.  

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